Sadly, another example of racial comments in the workplace
Mr Sharp was employed as a teacher and a Vice-Principal at an Elementary school. He was suspended for ten working days without pay, his position as Vice-Principal was revoked, he was directed to participate in sensitivity training, and he was reassigned to a teaching position at a different school. The discipline was assessed due to a number of inappropriate racial comments he made, and his prior discipline for inappropriate comments was taken into account. Mr Sharp did not attend the Board meeting set to review the discipline but later grieved the discipline and a hearing was held.
At the time of the investigation of the comments by the employer, Mr Sharp did not provide any explanation or response to the allegations. The majority of the allegations centered around racial comments he made with reference to a African-Nova Scotian teacher (Ms Neil). The letter of discipline given to Mr Sharp detailed a number of allegations. Mr Sharp was reported to have said “would you like light brown construction paper, dark brown, or black like you” in response to Ms Neil’s request for some supplies. He also made the comment that he thought Ms Neil would like the colour the gym had been painted, “because it’s black like you.” About a month later Mr Sharp was reported to have mimicked an ape or monkey while scratching himself on a doorway, smirking and looking directly at Ms Neil. That same month, Mr Sharp was said to have walked by Ms Neil’s door repeatedly while whistling the tune to a song Titled “Brown girl in the ring”. Mr Sharp was said to have brought a vial of dark liquid to the staff room and commented that the liquid was black, like Ms Neil in front of a number of other teachers.
Through the investigation process, additional information came to light regarding Mr Sharp. It was reported that Mr Sharp paged Ms Moore (a teacher) to the office and when she arrived and asked “did you want me”, he replied, “Oh yes, badly”. Ms Moore took the comment to have a sexual connotation. It was reported that he made other inappropriate comments to Ms Moore about her relationship with her husband.
Ms Neil testified to the specifics of the allegations against Mr Sharp. She testified that the comments upset her and stated she felt degraded and could not understand why someone would make such comments. Ms Neil testified that there were a number of peers present when Mr Sharp made the comment about the vial of liquid and described their reactions as “everyone just hung their heads.” She testified that she was unsure what to do with the situation because she felt she would not get support from the staff. She felt that some of the staff members were shunning her following the incident. She testified that when she stayed for lunch at school, no one other than two teachers would sit next to her.
The Board met per policy for a discipline of this nature to consider whether it was justified. Mr Sharp had the right to attend or to have a representative attend. He chose not to attend. A member of the Board knew that Mr Sharp intended to submit a letter and a call was placed to Mr Sharp. The letter was brought into the meeting.
The letter appeared “hastily prepared” and was unsigned. Several Board members did not even want to consider the letter. They felt that Mr Sharp had taken “absolutely no responsibility” for any of the allegations. In the letter as an example, Mr Sharpstated “…if I was whistling that particular tune there was no intent to make (Ms Neil) feel uncomfortable.”
After much discussion it was decided unanimously that Mr Sharp would be suspended without pay until the end of the school year which was approximately 3 months.The Board felt that 10days was a slap on the wrist and that the behaviours and previous discipline warranted a greater sanction.
Appeal and Defense
Mr Sharp testified and attempted to refute some of the allegations against him at the hearing. He said that he had a good relationship with Ms Neil and said they had spoken of personal matters.
Mr Sharp testified that he could not recall making the comments related to the colour of construction paper. He denied making the comment about the colour of the gym although he further stated, “such a comment could easily be misconstrued.” Mr Sharp said that someone told him the vial of liquid was likely hash oil and when he asked why they said that, the response was “because it is black.” He testified that he replied, “(Ms Neil) is black but we don’t call her hash oil.” He testified that he did scratch his back on doorways, but denied there being any mimi cry of a monkey.Mr Sharp testified that he probably did whistle the song but denied that it was racially motivated.
Mr Sharp testified that the response to Ms Moore of “oh yes, badly” held no sexual connotation but was reference to wanting to speak to that teacher badly.
Mr Sharp stated that he had no idea that his lack of attendance at the Board meeting would be held against him. He stated he thought there was an agreement between the Union and Management regarding the discipline and said he was devastated when the suspension was significantly increased by the Board who had not even talked to him.
The Arbitrator considered the authorities provided by counsel and additionally considered a case heard by the Supreme Court of Canada with respect to the definition and impact of sexual harassment, “…which in many respects can be considered analogous to racial harassment.”
The Arbitrator turned first to the comments made to Ms Moore. She noted that Mr Sharp did not deny the comments but provided different context. She found “In any event, both comments were insensitive, inappropriate, too familiar and un-welcome. I am satisfied that they justify some discipline.” The Arbitrator stated she would set the discipline for the comments at minor in the absence of other actions.
The Arbitrator turned to the incidents involving Ms Neil. After considering the specifics of each incident the Arbitrator noted the following: “It is clear in the law of discrimination that a perpetrator need not have discriminatory intent,if the result of the action or conduct is itself discriminatory….such conduct cannot be excused on the basis that no harm was intended.”
Mr Sharp was found guilty of misconduct.
The Arbitrator turned next to the question of discipline. She concluded that the Board’s response was excessive. The Arbitrator addressed the issue of the un-signed letter that the Board found to be indication that Mr Sharp was not taking the issue seriously. She accepted Mr Sharp’s evidence that he had problems with his computer and was working on editing the letter with the Union who then sent the letter to the Board. That explained why the letter was unsigned. Mr Sharp had also notified the Board prior to the meeting that he would not be in attendance.
The Arbitrator reinstated the discipline that was originally imposed.
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